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# Mindey's blog

## How To Learn The True Intent of Society?

One of the major goals of the Infinity Project, is to help ourselves to define and pursue common goal: "if we are able to define our common goal, the problem of creating friendly artificial intelligence reduces to creating an optimization system to optimize for our common goal."

We started with a conceptualization of categories (need, goal, idea, plan, step, task, work), which people seem to use when they break down all of the work they do, and built a goal-pursuit/task-management system to help people define their goals explicitly.

Unfortunately, people don't always know what they want, and are often unable to explicitly define their true goals. Fortunately...

## Probabilistic Programming

Probabilistic programming is a relatively new form of programming, that was developed as a result of a conceptual breakthrough in generalizing probabilistic modelling from inflexible Bayesian networks and graphical models to a probabilistic analogy of higher-order logic (HOL). There is a very good Google talk by Noah Goodman about this in the fourth conference on artificial general intelligence in 2011, explaining this new paradigm.

Unlike deep learning, probabilistic programming enables humans to understand the structure of complex probability distributions in a similar way that ...

## The Infinity Project in Context of Context-Free Grammars.

The Infinity Project presents one possible way to understand how everything what people had ever created, was created, through introducing abstract categories (need, goal, idea, plan, step, task, work), which people seem to use when they break down the work they do. In this post, I take a look how the Infinity Project appears in the context of context-free grammars, - an abstract model for modelling languages. I conclude that from one stand point, these categories can be viewed as non-terminal symbols, based on which we could learn the production rules people use(d) to solve problems.

## IPython Notebook Extensions, Django ORM Magic

Here you can find some useful IPython Notebook extensions. For example, Django ORM Magic lets you construct and query a Django database as follows:

[In] 1:

%load_ext django_orm_magic

[In] 2:

%%django_orm

from django.db import models

class Poll(models.Model):
question = models.CharField(max_length=200)
pub_date = models.DateTimeField('date published')

...

## Wise Intelligence

Every life form exists today, because it survived the evolutionary pressure over billions of years, which induced the inclination to choose actions optimizing for survival, so, life forms are good at recognizing what's good for me, but have difficulty in recognizing what's good universally. However, it seems there is a criterion to decide what is good universally -- good is to let everything exist, and bad is to destroy everything, where everything is defined as the world as a whole, as well as the world as its perspective from every no matter how small or large part of it.

## Importing IPython Notebooks as Modules

Wouldn't it be cool to import Jupyter Notebook just as a Python module? Well, there is a convenient way, you just need to add one line to your Jupyter configuration to execute several Python functions. So, do:

1. Generate the profile files.

$jupyter notebook --generate-config /home/you/.jupyter/jupyter_notebook_config.py 2. Edit the jupyter_notebook_config.py to append: c.InteractiveShellApp.exec_files = [ "/home/you/.jupyter/notebook_finder.py" ] ## Creating Multi-Indexed and Named DataFrame in Pandas in Statement Sometimes you want to create a complex multi-indexed DataFrame with named axes in Pandas in just one line. Here's one way how: import pandas as pd import numpy as np df = pd.DataFrame(np.arange(12).reshape(4,3), index=pd.MultiIndex.from_arrays([['a','a','b','b'], [1,2,1,2]], names=['AAAAA','BBBBBB']), columns=pd.MultiIndex.from_arrays([['VAR-A','VAR-A', 'VAR-B'], ## Selecting Pandas DataFrame Observations from Custom Multiple Levels of MultiIndex Suppose we have a multi-indexed dataframe, and want to select all observations with certain ids in a certain level or levels. df = pd.DataFrame(np.arange(15).reshape(5,3), index=[['x','x','x','y','z'], ['a','a','b','b','c'], [1,2,1,2,3]], columns=[['VAR', 'VAR', 'VAR'], ['VAR-A','VAR-A', 'VAR-B'], ['var-a','var-b', 'var-c']] ) df.index.names = ['one', 'two', 'three'] ## How to read list of dict to Pandas DataFrame Suppose you have a list of dicts, and you want to get them into a dataframe. Here's an example how: from pandas import DataFrame data = [{'a': 1, 'b': 2, 'c': '3'}, {'a':2, 'b':1}, {'c':1}] df = DataFrame.from_records(data) df.head() Here's what you get:  a b c 0 1 2 3 1 2 1 NaN 2 NaN NaN 1 [3 rows x 3 columns] ## How to read a jpeg image to Numpy Array import matplotlib.image as mpimg import urllib2 as urllib import io fd = urllib.urlopen("http://mindey.com/wamh.jpg") image_file = io.BytesIO(fd.read()) img=mpimg.imread(image_file, format='jpg') ## IPython Statistics Essentials, and "stt" Package OK. Python is not convenient for statistical data analysis, because you have to import a number of packages every time you want to do mathematical operations: NumPy, SciPy, Pandas, SkLearn, StatsModels, Sympy, etc. Follow this guide to create your own package of imports. I had started creating one, which suits me, -- the stt package, which you can use, after you install everything from http://ipython.org/. ## 如何在 Linux 里登录 QQ 信使 ## 用 Pidgin 的做法 1. 安装 Pidgin（Ubuntu 的话，可以在软件中心找到） 2. 安装 pidgin-lwqq 插件 sudo add-apt-repository ppa:lainme/pidgin-lwqq sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install pidgin-lwqq 3. 附加新的账户的时候选择『WebQQ』，输入自己的账户的用户和密码。 就不要用 Wine 安装 QQ 的 Windows 版（一下的做法） ## 用 Wine 安装 QQ2012 的做法 (Thanks, S!) 注意：现在足够 http://www.longene.org/forum/viewtopic.php?f=6&t=4700 下载最新的版安装它。   ## How to convert Pandas DataFrame to xts and ts TimeSeries It is very convenient to collect and slice various data streams using MongoDB and Pandas (mentioned here). However, since I recently had been reading this wonderful Rob J Hyndman's R course on forecasting, I realized that I need to be able to be able to convert Pandas DataFrames to R's xts and ts objects. ## How to get data from Python to R While working with AdWords data in R, I wanted to get data from a Python function. In those situations, rPython package comes in handy. It lets you define and execute arbitrary Python function, and get the results. install.packages("rPython", repos = "http://www.datanalytics.com/R")  ## Example Suppose you have a Python function that returns a JSON-like dictionary. Then can import it into an R data.frame as follows: ## Why You Should Invest in Information Processing Capabilities Improving information processing capabilities: 1) Gave birth to life. Over four billion years ago, when first life forms appeard, they continued to exist, because certain molecules (like RNA) were able to process information, i.e., copy, and that was useful for survival; ## 一些建议如何设定 Python 对于统计分析 R用户来Python做统计分析的时候都一定知道IPython没有很重要的DataFrame类，也没有其它对于马上开始数据分析方便的函数。所以，希望用Python为了做数据分析的时候，我觉得最麻烦的事之一，是几乎每次要import这些包。那么，我在这里要描写一个很简单的方法如何把所有的重要的工具自动import： ## 建议 ### 1. 生成IPython文件： $ ipython profile create

/home/you/.config/ipython/profile_default/ipython_config.py
/home/you/.config/ipython/profile_default/ipython_qtconsole_config.py
/home/you/.config/ipython/profile_default/ipython_notebook_config.py

### 2. 下定义你需要什么：

c.InteractiveShellApp.exec_lines = [

## How to set up IPython for Statistics on Linux

People who come from R to Python to do statistical analysis know that opening IPython does not immediately have the needed DataFrame class, and a number of shorthands for immediate analysis. So, here is a simple way to have them by default upon the start-up, which I find very useful.

## The Freedom of People Lies in Free Automation

One of the greatest weak links for people's freedom is the connection of monetary system to life supplies: food supply, housing and transportation, and ultimately, energy supply. To free itself, the public has to automate, and own the means of automation of the supply of the goods needed for life.*, Mindey, 2010...